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麦田的"守望者"!巩义八旬老人培育出小麦新品种

发布时间:2020-12-19 10:29:56 | 浏览 次 |评分:分 | 作者:夏末  打 印




一把麦种,一块试验田,50年的小麦育种经验...“中州2号”,是鲁庄镇西侯村八旬老人常宗周晚年最看中的东西。

MEIRENHECAI,WURENBANGZHU,SHENZHIMEIRENGUANZHU,JIUZHEIYANGYIBEIZIJIANCHIXIALAI,TIANJIANYUZHONG,MENGXIANGBULAO。WUSHIDUONIANLAI,TAZIZIBUJUAN,BAIZHEBUNAO,BAZIJIXINKUPEIYUDEMAIZHONG,HUOYIYONG,HUOSONGREN,ZHIPANWANGJIAJIAYOUGEFENGSHOUNIAN!MAODIEZHINIAN,ZHUBINGLAIXI,XINZANGBING、SHENYAN,ZOULUDOUCHENGJIANNAN,DANYIRANLAOZUOZAITIANJIAN,YELAICHANGQUGONGERZHEN,CHAERDADAN。

ZHEIYIPIANLVYOUYOUDEMAITIAN,SHENGZHANGZAICHANGNIANGANHAN、KAOTIANZHONGSHOUDELUZHUANGZHENXIHOUCUNDONGLING。JUGAICUNCUNMINCHANGHONGWENJIESHAO,QUNIANTADEZHEIPIANMAITIANBIBIERENJIADEMEIMUYAODUOSHOUSIBAIDUOJIN。


他的麦子有何与众不同呢?

是勤奋耕耘?还是天赋异禀?


带着这些问题,我们邀请到了巩义市农委植保科科长刘宁和农技站站长袁晓晶一同前往,一究竟。

行程匆匆,穿过连片的麦田,我们驻足在东岭。这一片生长在高地上的麦田,约一亩左右,与周边相比,确实更水灵健壮些。有经验的农民都知道每年冬至前是小麦大分蘖期,年后春分前是小分蘖期,春分之后就进入两级分化,生死由命。市农委农技站站长袁晓晶在几块麦田随机拔出几棵麦苗,每株基本分蘖平均竟然在9个左右,有的多达15个,要知道正常的麦苗当下的分蘖也不过三四个。


SHINONGWEIZHIBAOKEKEZHANGLIUNINGXIANGXILEJIELEBOZHONGQINGKUANG,CHANGJIADEMAITIANMEIMUBOZHONG17JIN,SHIYUEZHONGXUNXIAZHONG。ZHEISHIZHENGCHANGDEBOZHONGLIANGHEBOZHONGSHIJIAN,RUCISHUOMING,ZHEIPIANMAITIANDEYUANSHENGZHONGZIDEQUEYAOTESHUYIXIE。


CHANGHONGWENSHUO,TAZHONGDEMAIZHONGJIUSHIYOUFUQINCHANGZONGZHOUPEIYUCHULAIDE,FUQINJITAQUMING“ZHONGZHOU2HAO”。


CHANGZONGZHOU,JINNIAN80SUI,YINYOUNIANHUANGUOXIAOERMABI,LIUXIALEHOUYIZHENG,XINGDONGBUBIAN。NIANQINGSHI,XIAOERMABIDUITAXINGDONGDEYINGXIANGSHENWEI,XIADIZHONGTIAN、SHOUCHANGDAMAIYANGYANGDOUXING,HAIRENGUODUONIANDECUNZHISHU。YUZHONGDEGONGDIJIUSHIZAIDANGNIANSHENGCHANDUIQIJIANDAXIADE。LAORENSHUO,DANGNIANTAJIUJINGCHANGTIAOXUANXIXINXIZHIDENIANQINGREN,CANJIASHENGCHANDUIPEIYUXIAOMAIZHONGZIDEGONGZUO。YUZHONGSHI,YISUIMAIZIYAOQIADIAOTOUHEWEI,QUZHONGJIANBUFEN,ERQIEMEIKEMAISUIZHIXUAN20LIMAIZI,DUOLEBUXING。


经他手育出的麦种,长势旺,产量高,

当年就曾是各村中的佼佼者。


LAORENYONGDESHIZIJIAOXIXUANYOUPEIYU,XUANYOUZHIDEXIAOMAIMAILI,YILIYILIDIJINXINGPEIYU。ZHEISHIYIXIANGXUYAONAIXIN、XIXINHERENJINGDEGONGZUO。LAORENZAITADESHIYANTIANLI,WANGWANGYIDAIJIUSHIYIZHENGTIAN,JIARENBAFANSONGDAOTIANJIAN,CONGCONGCHIJIKOUJIXUMANGGEBUTING。LAORENSHENHUANSHENYAN,ZUIPALEI,NIAODANBAIJINGCHANGSANGE“+”,YOUCIJINGRANXUTUOZAITIANJIAN。

LAORENYOUYIKUAISHIYANTIAN,TIANLISHUZHEYIZHIZHIXIAOMUGUN,SHANGMIANXIXINDIYONGSHENGZISHUANZHEXIAOZHIPAI,ZHIPAIBIAOZHUZHEBOZHONGRIQI、YUANZHONGPINLEI、ZHONGZIMINGCHENGDENG。

LAORENZONGSHUO:MINYISHIWEITIAN,LAOBAIXINGRENHENIANDAIDOULIBUKAILAIYISHENGCUNDELIANGSHI。TAYOUZIJIDEMENGXIANG:RENLAIYISHIJIAN,ZONGYAOZUOCHUDIANLIYIHOUDAIDESHIQING,YIDINGYAOPEIYUCHU“HANLAOBAOSHOU、ZHUANGSHIFENGCHAN”DEMAIZHONG,SHIHEBUTONGDEDIYUHUANJING,RANGQUANTIANXIARENDOUCHISHANGTAPEIYUDEMAIZHONG。


老人的研究过程却也是跌宕起伏


GANGKAISHIYINWEIQUEFAJINGYAN,YOUXIESHIYANDEMAISUIMEIJIEYIGEMAILI。JIEXIALAIDESHUNIANLI,TACONGMEIYOUQINEI,JIXUCONGSHIZIJIDESHIYAN。

JINGGUOYILUNYILUNDEYOUSHENGLIETAI,SINIANQIAN,CHANGZONGZHOULAORENZHONGYUPEIYUCHU“ZHONGZHOU2HAO”,QUNIANYOUNVERCHANGHONGWENKAISHISHIZHONG,BULUNZAIHANDIHAISHIJIAOSHUIDI,MUCHANJIBENNENGDADAO1300JINZUOYOU,ZHOUWEIDELINJUKANDAOLETAJIADECHENGXIAOZHIHOU,FEICHANGXIANMU,FENFENZHAOLAORENYAOMAIZHONG,JINXINGSHIZHONG。


但是老人却非常固执,因为在麦种没有稳定之前,他不愿意交给大家,何况按规定,如果大面积推广,还需要在国家种库进行审定认证。

XIAOMAICHANLIANGSHIFOUJUYOUYOUYUEXING、HOUQINENGFOUTUIGUANG,YEXUYAOQUANWEIBUMENDERENZHENG。HOUQI,CHANGZONGZHOUJIANGJINXINGXIAOMAIPINZHONGSHENBAO,YIDANRENDINGTONGGUO,YEYIWEIZHEKEYIJINXINGDAMIANJITUIGUANG。



LAIYUAN:GONGYIRONGMEI

GONGYISOUZHENGLIBIANPAI

BIANJI/XIAXIAOMO   gysou33



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